Bobbio and Trebbia valley

The first historical ruins date back to the remains of a Neolithic village at Mount Groppo. The valley saw the battle of Trebbia in which, according to the account of the Roman historian Polybius, in December of 218 BC Hannibal inflicted a heavy defeat to the Roman consul Titus Sempronius Longus.

The army of the Carthaginians, was able to block the Roman infantry in a swampy area of the riverbed, and the Numidian cavalry archers had backed massacre of the Roman soldiers, of which only a third could find no escape across the river Trebbia.

The history of this valley is mainly linked to the presence of the monastery founded in 614 by monaco Irish St. Columban at Bobbio, throughout the Middle Ages one of the most important monastic centers in Europe, famous for the scriptorium whose catalog included more than 700 codes, including where 25 of the 150 oldest manuscripts of Latin literature in the world. Abbey matrix of the monastic order, his power extended both in Italy and in Europe, thanks to several abbeys and monasteries in northern Italy had a real feud, then replaced by the County bishop of Bobbio. In 1014 he had the title of city, becoming the Diocese and County, first independently and then under the Duchy of Milan, and finally under the Savoy. Province of Genoa until the unification of Italy. Until 1923 it was part of the province of Pavia, then went to the province of Piacenza. Throughout the Middle Ages it was crucial for controlling the traffic of salt, also produced by the local saltpans. During the ninth century the monastery was able to produce over 2,000 amphoras of wine per year, 3,000 pounds of oil, 1,400 tons of cereals, 5,500 pigs and 1,600 wagons of hay. It was precisely the monks from all over Europe, starting with the ancient tradition of lives in this land highly suited.

Bobbio, the HEART of Trebbia's valley

The historic center has kept intact the characteristics of the medieval village. The symbol of the town Ponte Gobbo (or Devil's Bridge ), a stone bridge of Roman origin, which crosses the river Trebbia with 11 arches irregular. Overlooking the Shrine of Our Lady of Penice, which sits on top of the mountain of the same name. Popular tourist resort in the summer for the beautiful weather and interesting cultural offerings, even in winter thanks to the ski resorts.

Ernest Hemingway, passing in these places as a correspondent with the army of liberation in 1945, is said to have written in his diary: "Today I went through the most beautiful valley in the world"

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During 2019, Bobbio was voted the winner of the competition "Il BORGO dei BORGHI".